Shanghai by night

Shanghai Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: Shànghǎi; Shanghainese: Zånhae [z̥ɑ̃̀hé]; Mandarin: [ʂɑ́ŋxài]) is the most populous city in China and the world. As a global city, Shanghai exerts influence over commerce, finance, culture, art, fashion, research and entertainment. The city is located at the middle portion of the Chinese coast, and sits at the mouth of the Yangtze River. Once a fishing and textiles town, Shanghai grew to importance in the 19th century due to its favourable port location and as one of the cities opened to foreign trade by the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. The city flourished as a centre of commerce between east and west, and became a multinational hub of finance and business by the 1930s. After 1990, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in intense re-development and financing in Shanghai, and in 2005 Shanghai became the world's largest cargo port. The city is a tourist destination renowned for its historical landmarks such as the Bund and City God Temple, and its modern and ever-expanding Pudong skyline including the Oriental Pearl Tower. Today, Shanghai is the largest centre of commerce and finance in mainland China, and has been described as the "showpiece" of the world's fastest-growing major economy. Shanghai (上海 sempl., Shànghǎi pinyin) (in italiano Sciangai), situata sul fiume Huangpu presso il delta del Chang Jiang, è la più popolosa città della Cina e una delle città più popolose del mondo, oltre che la seconda municipalità autonoma del paese dopo Chongqing, in quanto la maggior parte della popolazione della municipalità di Chongqing - oltre 30 milioni di abitanti - abita al di fuori della città propriamente detta. Shanghai è vista come capitale economica della Cina. Grazie allo sviluppo dei passati decenni, Shanghai è un centro economico, finanziario, commerciale e delle comunicazioni di primaria importanza della Repubblica Popolare Cinese. Il suo p